I am having jasmine plants in containers in the terrace of my house for over 12 years and I have enjoyed the flowers, the plants produce aplenty. I adopt simple maintenance steps every year. City dwellers living in apartments can adopt this to have a pleasant and successful jasmine garden.
Steps to raise the Jasmine garden:
Jasmine grows well in full sun. Jasmine ,being a shrub, you need containers fairly large, say, 50 liters capacity or pots 1.5-2 feet tall and diameter 2-feet.You can buy suitable plastic containers from the market or you can make your own by cutting an old 80-100 lit capacity plastic barrels into two halves and making holes at the bottom for water to drain out. 4 or 6 containers can give you adequate no. of flowers and they occupy only less space. Fill the containers with sand or gravel to a depth of 2-3 inches, covering the holes with broken bits of clay pots, to enable water to drain out slowly. Then, fill up the container with a mix of equal parts of sand ,garden earth, and cattle manure or organic manure, leaving a space of 3-4 inches at the top. Buy jasmine plants of your choice but shrub variety. I have found Jasmine – Manmohan and Jasmine – Madurai Malli, successful and productive. Transfer the plants to the containers, preferably during rainy season. Water the plants when surface looks dry.
At the end of February or early March, remove the leaves and dried stems, apply rotten cattle manure or other organic manure and water the plants well. Fresh shoots will appear soon and flower buds will sprout. Spray with a growth hormone. I use my own preparation of fortified growth- hormone, which is available for sale also. Contact me through comments section of this blog for this. At the end of the flowering period, when no more buds appear, leave the plants for a month, watering only to sustain the plants, then repeat the process of de-leaving and removing dead stems, manuring and watering profusely for a fresh crop of flowers.
Second year and after:
At the end of February or early March, remove the leaves and dead wood. Remove soil with roots around the center to half the depth of the container using the sharp side of the trammel, and separate the roots from the soil. See pic 1a.
This step is necessary because the plant tends to be pot-bound,,i.e. roots fill up the pot with no room to grow further. Apply enough manure, mixing it with equal amount of earth and spreading it around the centre. Press well with hand and transfer the earth removed from the container back into the container. Water copiously. After a week or more fresh bout of flower buds will appear see pictures. 2 and 2a.
Now spray a suitable growth promoting hormone. I have used my own preparation of fortified growth promoting hormone. The buds will open into large flowers.see pictures 3, 3a, 3b.
One Of the two containers ,one is in the east and the other is in the west of the terrace.
Picture 3b. Flowers collected from two containers.
Pictures 4, 4a, 4b are of the plants and the flowers taken the next day.
Picture 4b. Flowers collected from the same two containers.
When no more buds appear, leave the plants for a week or two and the repeat the process of de-leaving, applying manure and spraying growth hormone at the start of fresh shoots and again at the bud stage and water the plants. Jasmine produce crops of flowers 2 or 3 times a year.
Jasmine is propagated from cuttings or by layering. This is best done in rainy season. Jasmine is also multiplied as follows: A well grown side-stem emanating from below the ground is chosen for propagation.. It should have its own roots. Cut the stem chosen from the main stem, lift it with its roots and transplant it in separate well – prepared container and water sparingly. Transplantation is best done during rainy season.
From – N. Narasimhan